Saudi Arabia – the largest state in the Arabian Peninsula.
Shops often do not have a well-defined work schedule, but usually work from Saturday to Thursday from 09.00 to 13.00 and from 16.30 to 20.00 (in the period of Ramadan – from 20.00 to 01.00). Weekend in all institutions – Friday, when residents of the country attend the traditional sermon and prayer in mosques.
Prices are almost everywhere, except for large supermarkets, contractual, you can bargain almost everywhere. In the markets in this way you can bring down the price by 30-50%.
WHERE TO STAY
In Saudi Arabia, a variety of accommodation options: from low-cost apartments and small family hotels to luxury 5 * luxury hotels.
Larger and more expensive hotels are abundant in all major cities. While staying in a good hotel, you usually get excellent service and the opportunity to get around some restrictions (for example, restaurants that stay open during the hours of prayer or day room service during Ramadan).
SEA AND BEACHES
Saudi Arabia has beautiful sandy beaches, but beach holidays with foreign tourists are not popular here, as it is difficult to enjoy the sea and the sun if you are forced to wear clothes (the Arab Sharia reigns supreme in the country). The local population is immersed in water right in their robes. Foreigners (both men and women) – at least in shorts and a t-shirt.
The territory of present-day Saudi Arabia is the historical homeland of the Arab tribes, who originally lived in the northeast, and in the II millennium BC. e. occupied the entire Arabian Peninsula. At the same time, the Arabs assimilated the population of the southern part of the peninsula – the Negroids.
Since the beginning of I millennium BC. e. in the south of the peninsula, the Mineyskoe and Sabean kingdoms existed, the ancient cities of Hejaz, Mecca and Medina, emerged as their transit shopping centers. In the middle of the 6th century, Mecca united neighboring tribes and repelled the Ethiopian invasion.
At the beginning of the 7th century, a new religion was created in Mecca – Islam, which strengthened the feudal system and the state of the Arabs – the caliphate with its capital in Medina (from 662 onwards).
After the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad to Yasrib, later called Madinat an-Nabi (City of the Prophet) in 622, an agreement was signed between Muslims headed by Prophet Muhammad and local Arab and Jewish tribes. Muhammad did not succeed in converting local Jews to Islam, and after some time relations between Arabs and Jews became frankly hostile.
In 632, the Arab Caliphate was founded with its capital in Mecca, covering almost the entire territory of the Arabian Peninsula. By the time the second caliph began the rule of Umar ibn Khattab (634), all Jews were expelled from Hejaz. By this time, there is a rule according to which non-Muslims do not have the right to live in Hijaz, and today in Medina and Mecca. As a result of conquests by the 9th century, the Arab state spread over the entire Middle East, Persia, Central Asia, Transcaucasia, North Africa, and also Southern Europe.
In the 16th century, Turkish rule began to be established in Arabia. By 1574 the Ottoman Empire, headed by Sultan Selim II, finally conquered the Arabian Peninsula. Taking advantage of the weak political will of Sultan Mahmoud I (1730-1754), the Arabs began to make the first attempts to build their own statehood. The most influential Arab families in Hijaz at that time were Saudi and Rashidi.
The origin of the Saudi state began in 1744 in the central region of the Arabian Peninsula. The ruler of the city of Ad-Diriya Muhammad ibn Saud and the Islamic preacher Muhammad Abdul-Wahhab united to create a single powerful state. This alliance, concluded in the XVIII century, marked the beginning of the ruling Saud dynasty. After some time, the young state with its capital in Ad-Diriya was subjected to pressure from the Ottoman Empire, concerned about the strengthening of the Arabs near its southern borders and the conquest of Mecca and Medina. In 1817, the Ottoman Sultan sent troops to the Arabian Peninsula under the command of Muhammad Ali Pasha, who defeated the relatively weak army of Imam Abdullah. Thus, the First Saudi state existed for 73 years.
Despite the fact that the Turks managed to destroy the beginnings of Arab statehood, only 7 years later (in 1824) the Second Saudi State was founded, with its capital in Riyadh. This state existed for 67 years and was destroyed by Saud’s longtime enemies – the Rashidi dynasty hail hail. The Saud family was forced to flee to Kuwait.
In 1902, the 22-year-old Abdul Aziz from the Saud family seized Riyadh, having dealt with the governor from the Rashidi family. In 1904, Rashidi appealed for help to the Ottoman Empire. They entered their troops, but this time they were defeated and withdrew. In 1912 Abdulaziz captured the entire region of Nejd. In 1920, using the material support of the British, Abdul Aziz finally defeated Rashidi. In 1925, Mecca was captured.